The "Cup of Mortality" and the "Cup of Rebirth" included in the ritual were intended to represent the two sides of death. To be born, to live in this world carries with it the ultimate destiny of death--and yet, isn't life worth it? The drink representing death is usually contained in a dark cup or a rough drinking horn, which contains a dark, yet sweet, beverage--a sweet red wine to represent blood, or a mellow, dark ale, for example (you can also use nonalcoholic drinks, if desired, fruit juices being best).
The drink representing life, on the other hand, is held in a beautiful, bright metal or glass cup, or a decorated horn. Despite its lovely appearance, it is a clear but sharp or bitter drink--a dry white wine, very dry mead, or a sharp beer. This represents the fact that death, which we usually fear and loathe, often contains comfort and beauty, while life, although we love it, has a touch of bitterness to it.
Here, then, is the text of the ritual:
(The candle for the dead is lit)
The generations of the clan
Are like waves on the ocean.
For a moment they touch the Earth,
Then return to their beginning,
To be followed by the next,
Each separate, yet part of the whole.
Oh mighty dead,
Who are with us always,
You whose names
Still live in our hearts,
We call you now
From beneath that sun
That shone on you,
That shines on us,
That will shine on the children yet to come.
Be with us here
Within this circle;
Share our rite
And share our feast.
We light this candle (these candles) in your honor;
Know that you are still remembered.
(Pick up the cup of death)
This is the Cup of Mortality
Which all on the earth must taste.
This is the caesura of life,
The end and the beginning;
For as life is the passage to death,
So death is the passage to life.
Let us drink to death;
Let us drink to the passage. (all repeat)
(All share the "Cup of Death" and pour a libation)
(Pick up the cup of life)
This is the Cup of Rebirth,
Which all who are mortal will drink.
This is life's motion and meaning,
The destination of all journeys;
Each cycle returns to where it started;
The wheel continues to turn.
Let us drink to life;
Let us drink to the beginning. (all repeat)
(All share the "Cup of Life" and pour a libation)
(at the end of the rite)
Oh mighty friends and kinsmen,
We big you farewell now.
Return to the realms from which you came,
But know that you are forever here,
Living in our memories.
The ritual may be followed by a feast and, if desired, a sumble to honor the dead. In that case, the last stanza would be performed at the end of all activities.